The disease burden in developing countries has historically been the greatest in infectious ailments, such as malaria. In contrast, developed countries tend to have eradicated many common infections and suffer more from chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.
The picture in Africa, however, is more nuanced than either of these polar archetypes. Infectious disease is rampant, especially in poorer West Africa, but chronic diseases are also rising across the continent due to changing diets and longer life expectancy.
To illustrate this two-pronged health problem, we know that in many African countries, diabetes rates are at a shocking